Form follows function: Many of the creations that came out of the Bauhaus have long since entered the pantheon of international design. In 2019 Germany will be celebrating 100 years of the Bauhaus! Join us and take a look back on 14 years that had an impressive influence on the history of design. Take the jubilee as an occasion for travelling to Germany and following in the footsteps of the Bauhaus during a group tour. In the following, we provide you with an overview of the history and the most important sites of the Bauhaus in Germany.
History and sites of the Bauhauses in Germany
The “State Bauhaus” was founded in Weimar in 1919 before relocating to Dessau for political and financial reasons in 1925. It was then forced to close its Dessau premises by the NSDAP in 1932. The head of the school, Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, attempted to carry on with the Bauhaus as a private institution in Berlin, yet mounting pressure from the National Socialists nevertheless led to the school’s closure in 1933. The emigration of many members of the Bauhaus movement promoted the propagation of its ideas. The following sections introduce you to the three most important Bauhaus locations:
Weimar – "Cradle of the Bauhaus"
Weimar is often referred to as the birthplace of Bauhaus. The present-day Bauhaus University – and in particular its main building and the Van de Velde Building – is one of the most important pieces of art school architecture from the turn of the 20th century, and it was here that the Bauhaus was founded in 1919. The new bauhaus museum weimar is due to open in April 2019, and will house the collection of over 10,000 Bauhaus objects held by the Weimar Classics Foundation.
We also recommend a visit to Hohe Pappeln House (the former home of Henry van de Velde), the Nietzsche Archive and “Haus am Horn”, which was built according to designs by Georg Muche on the occasion of the major Bauhaus exhibition in 1923. To get a first impression of what your trip to Germany might look like, we have put out together a group tour suggestion to Weimar and Dessau.
Dessau – from Wassily chair to Wagenfeld lamp
Built in 1925/26 according to designs by Walter Gropius, the Bauhaus complex in Dessau consists of a workshop wing, vocational school and studio building. Regarded as the jewel in the crown of the town’s Bauhaus buildings, the complex is home to a collection of around 100 objects ranging from a Wassily chair to a Wagenfeld lamp.
The Gropius-designed Master’s Houses date back to the same period, and stand in a row reminiscent of a pearl necklace that begins just a few metres from the main Bauhaus building. The test neighbourhood for industrialised residential development built in the district of Törten between 1926 and 1928 is no less impressive. The Kornhaus restaurant in northern Dessau has retained its popularity to this day, and offers a wonderful view of the Elbe from its winter garden atop the river embankment.
Berlin – final destination of the Bauhaus
The Bauhaus was headquartered in Berlin from October 1932 until its final closure in July 1933. The Berlin-based Bauhaus Archive is home to the world’s largest collection on the history of the Bauhaus, and catches the eye from a distance with its pleasantly rounded roofs.
Further less well-known sites of the Bauhaus
Besides Weimar, Dessau and Berlin there are a lot of further places that are worth a visit if you are interested in the footsteps of the Bauhaus in Germany. Do not miss a visit to:
- Gera: Worth seeing are the birthplace of Otto Dix, the Schulenburg House (Henry van de Velde) and the Museum of Applied Arts.
- Chemnitz: The Museum Gunzenhauser and the Villa Esche (Henry van de Velde) are worth a visit.
- Jena: The Jena City Theatre, the Zuckerkandl House, Auerbach House and the Abbeanum are closely linked to the Bauhaus artists.
- Erfurt: Here you can still visit the hand weaving workshop of Bauhaus student Margaretha Reichardt.
- Bernau: The ADGB Trade Union School was designed by Hannes Meyer and Hans Wittwer. Since July 2017, the Meyer-Wittwer Building has been listed as a UNESCO World Heritage site.
It would be a pleasure for us to provide you with a tailor-made offer for your next group tour to Germany on the topic of Bauhaus. To get a first impression, please see our Bauhaus group tour suggestion to Weimar and our round trip „Bauhaus in Germany“. Please see those group tour suggestions as food for thought rather than a set meal. All tours can be shortened, extended or adapted according to your desires. We look forward to hearing from you!
Bauhaus University in Weimar © Bauhaus-Universität
Bauhaus complex in Dessau © AugustusTours